The lumbering industry provides a livelihood for many
thousands of men, a large proportion of whom are French
Canadians. Lumbermen work in gangs of about 20,
superintended by a foreman. The gang includes a "head
chopper and assistants, who cut down the trees; sawyers;
and "scorers" and "hewers" who trim the logs. In
addition the gang comprises a cook, carpenters, and
teamsters, the latter superintending the hauling.
It is Canada's boast that the picturesque wooden houses
of Old Quebec are the only slums in the Dominion. Our
illustration is Sous le Cap Street, the name of which
indicates that it was built by the French founders of
his historic city. The province of Quebec is inhabited
chiefly by French Canadians, and the visitor hears the
French language spoken everywhere.