The requirements of traffic on the Inland waters, of
America have resulted in the development of the American
steamers on original lines. These steamers are designed
to travel great distances, and are of light draught in
order to negotiate the bars that occur at Intervals in
the riverbeds. Some of the most palatial are built of
steel, and are over 450 ft. in length. They have
accommodation for 2,000 people, and a speed of 22 m.p.h.
The fine liner, together with her sister ship the Royal
George, is owned by the Canadian Northern. The Royal
Edward is a triple-screw turbine steamer, and was built
in 1908. She has a length of 545 feet, a registered
tonnage of 12,000, and a speed of 20 knots. During the
winter the St. Lawrence is closed to navigation, and the
Royal Edward and Royal George make Halifax, Nova Scotia,
their port of call.
In 1894 the Government of the Dominion reserved a large
tract of land some millions of acres in extent, and
situated in Southern Alberta. Upon this land was
inaugurated the most extensive irrigation scheme on the
American continent. The undertaking was completed some
years ago, and today there are in Southern Alberta about
1,000 miles of such ditches as that illustrated, which
irrigate over three million acres of land.
Some idea of the vastness of Canada's supply of timber
may be obtained when one remembers that the province of
British Columbia alone contains over 180,000,000 acres
of forest. One great center of the lumbering industry is
the Ottawa River, and the Chaudiere Falls provide the
motive power for the larges lumber mills in the world.
Our picture shows a logging railway conveying logs to
the sawmills by the Ottawa River.