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Toronto to Tyrrell, Canada

TORONTO, formerly YORE, capital of Ontario, an 1 one of the most flourishing cities in the Dominion, is situated on a beautiful circular bay, on the N.W. shore of Lake Ontario, in York co., 333 miles W.S.W. of Moatreal, 161 miles from Kingston, 39 miles N. by E. of Hamilton, and 500 miles N.W. of Washington. Lat. 43 49' 4" N., Ion. 79 71' 5" W. Mean temperature of the year 444; winter 264; summer 638 Fahrenheit.

The bay is entered by a narrow opening, and is separated from the lake by a low peninsula about 6 miles long, enclosing a beautiful basin miles in diameter, forming a safe and well sheltered harbor, capable of containing a large number of vessels. The peninsula is called Pleasure Island or Gibraltar Point, and is a favorite resort during the summer months.

The site of the town is low but rises gently from the waters' edge, the observatory being 108 feet above the Lake. The streets generally cross each other at right angles, some almost running parallel with the bay, and intersected by others which have a N. and S. direction, inclining slightly to the W., the whole forming nearly a parallelogram.

The principal streets running E. and W. in the denser portions of the city are Front, King, Richmond, Adelaide and Queen streets; and of the cross streets, lunge, Church, Bay, and York streets. King and Yonge streets are the thoroughfares, and contain the largest number of stores.

The city generally is built of a light colored brick, of a soft, pleasing tint.

The public buildings of the city are substantial in workmanship, and some of them beautiful in architectural design. Many of the stores, especially the wholesale stores, and private dwellings, are quite palatial in their outward aspect and interior structure. It is the seat of Law and Provincial Government, and the headquarters of the Educational Department of Ontario. The principal buildings in connection with these are Osgoode Hall, a fine classic structure, containing all the Superior Law Courts of the province; the Parliament buildings, of plain exterior, but with handsomely decorated and furnished legislative chamber, and well equipped Government offices; the Lieut. Governor's residence, a princely mansion; the Normal School buildings, of Italian design, containing offices and depositaries of the Council of Public Instruction; two model schools; one model grammar school and educational museum. There are several handsome common and grammar schools. In connection with higher education there is the University of Toronto, one of the finest buildings on the continent of America, and reckoned second to none on this side the Atlantic as a seat of learning. It is of Norman architecture in its principal features, with massive tower and richly sculptured doorway for its main entrance. It is beautifully situated at the western side of the Queen's Park, a noble public park for the recreation of the citizens, whose spacious avenues are ornamented with rows of stately trees. In the centre of the Park is a finely modeled and well executed bronze statue of Her Majesty. Queen Victoria, by Marshall Wood, England, and a short distance from this there is a monument, erected in honor of those Toronto Volunteers who sacrificed their lives in defense of their country during the first attempted invasion of Canada by the Fenian miscreants (1866.) Trinity College is another educational institution in connection with the Episcopalian Church; and there is also Knox College, for the theological training of students in connection with the Canada Presbyterian Church. The Upper Canada College is an extensive range of buildings and has a high repute as a grammar school and boarding school for buys. There are two schools of medicine in Toronto each having an efficient staff of professors. There is also an ably conducted Veterinary College.

The public institutions are numerous, and many of the buildings appropriated for their purposes have striking features of architectural beauty. Amongst these may be enumerated the Lunatic Asylum, the Crystal Palace, for holding the Provincial Agricultural Exhibitions; the Boys' Home; the Girls' Home the House of Providence; the Protestant Orphans' Home; the Custom House; the Government School of Technology; the new Post Office, a fine specimen of the Italian order of architecture.

The manufacturing interests of Toronto are varied. There are several extensive iron foundries and engineering establishments, railway car building shops, rolling mills, several breweries and a mammoth distillery, carriage factories, tanneries, soap works, spice mills, cabinet factories, one of which is the largest in the Dominion, car wheel works, machine shops of all kinds, pork packing establishments one of these in appliances and arrangements for killing and curing being modeled after the best Chicago houses sewing machine, sash and door, and boot and shoe factories on an extensive scale. Besides these, many other varieties of manufacture and trade are carried on.

Banking is well represented, there being thirteen Banks in the city, six of which have sprung out of the enterprise of Toronto merchants, and are doing a profitable business. These are, the Bank of Toronto, the Royal Canadian Bank, the Bank of Commerce, the Dominion Bank, the Federal Bank, and the St Lawrence Bank. The other seven have their head offices elsewhere and are branches of the Bank of Montreal, the Merchants' Bank, the Ontario Bank, the Bank of British North America, the Quebec Bank, Molson's Bank and the City Bank.

Insurances offices are numerous and their business extensive.

The principal public halls are the St. Lawrence and Music Halls, with several minor ones, and a large one with a suite of rooms attached for the Young lien's Christian Association. There is also a Mechanics. Institute, with class rooms, reading room and library.

Toronto contains 1 synagogue, and about 47 churches, of which 11 are church of England, 5 church of Rome, Wesleyan Methodist, 8 Presbyterian, and the remainder divided among the Baptists, Congregationalists, New Connexion and Episcopal Methodists and other Dissenters. Among the churches most deserving of notice for their architectural merits are St. James' Cathedral (church of England), St. Michael's Cathedral (Roman Catholic), the Metropolitan Wesleyan Tabernacle, Knox, Holy Trinity and St. George's churches.

There are in the vicinity of the city 4 burying grounds, being Potters Field, containing 6 acres; the Toronto Necropolis, with fifteen acres; St. James Cemetery, with 65 acres-the latter 2 at the N.E. extremity of the city, and the former W. of Yonge street; and the Roman Catholic Cemetery, in Power street.

Forty one newspapers and periodicals are published in Toronto, viz., 4 daily, 15 weekly, 5 semi-monthly, 15 monthly, 1 quarterly, and 2 annually. The city is well supplied with water and is lighted with gas; and has an efficient fire brigade.

Its fine harbor affords great facilities for an eaten ire traffic. Lines of steamers run daily during navigation to all the lake ports and ports on the River St. Lawrence. Five lines of railways run through the city, the Grand Trunk, Great Western, Northern. Toronto and Nipissing, and Toronto, Grey and Bruce. These railways connect at all seasons of the year with all places of importance on this continent. The value of real and personal property in Toronto for the years 1870,1871, and 1872 was respectively, 1870, $26,918,457; 1871, $29,277,135; 1872, $32,644,612.

The total value of imports for 1872 was $13,098,133; exports $2,201,814. Pop. in 1817, 1,200; in 1830, 1,677; in 1842, 15,336; in 1845; 19,706; in 1852, 50,763; in 1861, 44,821; and in 1871, 56,692.

Toronto was founded by Governor Simcoe in 1794. Parliament buildings were erected and the Legislature assembled there for the first time in 1797. In 1813, it was captured by the Americans, under General Pike, who was killed in storming the fort, but it was held only for a few days. Since that period the place has made steady progress and has assumed considerable importance as a mart of trade and commerce. In 1834 it was incorporated a city, and its name changed from York to Toronto.

TORRYBURN, a station on the Intercolonial railway, in St. John co., N.B., 5 miles from St. John.

TOTNESS, a post village in Perth co. Ont., 8 miles from Stratford. Pop. 2no.

TOTTENHAM, a post village in Simcoe co., Ont , 17 miles from Bradford. It contains a telegraph office, a gristmill, and 4 stores. Pop. 150.

TOULINGUET, Newfoundland. See Twillingate.

TOWER HILL, a post settlement in Charlotte co., N B., 13 miles from St. Stephen. Pop. 250.

TOWNSEND CENTRE, a post village in Norfolk co., Ont, 2 miles from Waterford. It contains a saw mill and a store. Pop. 100.

TRACADIE, a post village and settlement in Gloucester co., N.B., on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, 50 miles from Chatham. It has a telegraph office, an hospital for lepers, and 3 stores. The inhabitants are chiefly engaged in the fishery. Pop. 1,200.

TRACADIE, a seaport town of Nova Scotia, co. of Antigonish, at the head of Pomquet Harbor, formed by St. Georges Bay, 164 miles N.E. of Halifax. The harbor is capable of receiving vessels of any size, and considerable quantities of timber and gypsum are annually exported. The Trappists Monks have a monastery here, and there is also a convent. Pop. 1,700.

TRACADIE, a station on the Prince Edward Island railway, in Queens co.

TRACER'S MILLS, a post office in Carleton co., N.B., 6 miles from Florenceville

TRACEY STATION, a post village in Sunbury co., N.B , on the north branch of the. Oromocto river, and on the E. & N. A. R., 3 miles from Fredericton Junction. It contains a telegraph office and several stores and saw mills. Pop. 250

TRADING LAKE, a hamlet in Victoria co., Ont.

TRAFALGAR, or POSTVILLE, a post Tillage in Halton co., Ont., 4 miles from Oakville. Pop. 100.

TRAFALGAR, a post office in Halifax co., N.S., 52 miles from Shubenacadie.

TRAVERSE ISLES, several small islets in the River Ottawa, between Black Bay and Plantagenet.

TRAVERSTON, or WAVERLEY, a post village in Grey co., Ont., 5 miles from Flesherton. It contains a woolen mill, gristmill, and a store. Pop. 50.

TREADWELL, a post village in Prescott co., Ont., on the River Ottawa, 15 miles from L'Orignal. Pop. 50.

TRECASTLE, a post village in Perth co., Ont., 12 miles from Listowel. Pop. 90.

TREMBLAY, a post office in Chicoutimi co., Que., 3 miles from Chicoutimi.

TREMONT, Kings co., N.S. See Canaan Road.

TRENHOLM, a post village in Drummond co., Que., on the River St. Francis, 5 miles from Richmond. It contains 2 saw mills, 1 grist mill, and a woolen factory. Pop. 150.

TRENTON, an incorporated village and port of entry of Ontario, co. of Hastings, on the Trent, at its entrance into the Bay of Quinte, 101 miles E of Toronto. It contains 4 churches, a grammar and 3 common schools, town hall, branch bank, printing office, 2 steam saw mills, 4 grist mills, 2 tanneries, a tin factory, paper mill, carding mill, an iron foundry, and a number of stores. It also has excellent facilities for shipbuilding, and a considerable trade in exporting square and sawed timber. Total value of imports for 1872, $13,593; exports $412,837. Pop. 2000.

TRENTONVILLE, Norfolk co., Ont. See Atherton.

TREPASSEY, a post town and port of entry of Newfoundland, district of Placentia and St. Marys, 81 miles from St. John's. It has a fine harbor and a large trade in the fisheries. Pop. 514.

TRINITY, a post town and port of entry of Newfoundland, capital of the district of the same name, 63 miles from St. John's It has one of the best harbors on the island, with good anchorage for large vessels. The circuit court sits here every autumn. Inhabitants are chiefly engaged in the fisheries. Farming is also carried on. Pop. 1,434.

TRINITY BAY, a fishing station on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, co., of Saguenay, 70 miles below Bersimis. Pop. 50.

TROIS PISTOLES, a flourishing post village in Temiscouata co., Que., on the S. shore of the St. Lawrence, and on the I. R., 148 miles below Quebec. It contains a church, a convent flouring, carding and saw mills, about 15 stores, and a telegraph office. Pop. 650.

TROIS SAUMONS, a post village in L'Islet co, Que., on a river of the same name, and on the G. T. R., 66 miles below Quebec. It has 2 stores. Pop. 200.

TROUT BROOK, a settlement in Kent co., N.B., 30 miles from Richibucto. Pop. 100.

TROUT COVE, Digby co., N.S. See Centreville.

TROUT LAKE, a post settlement in Victoria co., Ont., 17 miles from Parry Sound. Pop. 25.

TROUT RIVER, a post village in Huntingdon co., Que., on a river of the same name, 6 miles from Huntingdon. Pop. 200.

TROUTY, a fishing settlement on the N. side of Trinity Bay, Nfld., 9 miles from Trinity. Pop. 180.

TROWBRIDGE, a post village in Penh co., it., 5 miles from Listowel. It contains a saw mill and a grist mill. Pop. 150.

TROY, a post village in Wentworth co., Ont., 7 miles from Harrisburg. It has 2 stores. Pop. 100.

TROY, Kert co., Ont. See Fairfield.

TRUDELL, a post village in Essex co., Ont., 20 miles from Chatham. Pop. 150.

TRUMP ISLAND, in the district of Twillingate and Fogo, Nfld., 4 miles from Twillingate. It contains copper mines.

TRURO, an important market town of Nova Scotia, capital of Colchester co., situated 2 miles above the head of Cobequid Bay, and on the I. R., 61 miles from Halifax, 215 miles from St. John. It is one of the prettiest towns in the province, and contains, besides the county buildings, several churches and hotels, a branch bade, a telegraph office, the Provincial Normal and Model schools, and manufactories of engines, iron castings, axles, machinery, boots and shoes, lasts and pegs, hats, lout her, wooden ware, woolen, &c. Pop. 2,500.

TRYON CORNER, a post village in Prince co., P.E.I., 24 miles from Charlottetown. Pop. 100.

TSOUNONTHOUAN, or GREAT MOUNTAIN, a mountain on the N. bank of the river Jacques Cartier, about 24 miles N.W. of Quebec. It forms the southern angle of the Laurentian range of mountains which extend from Labrador to Hudson's Bay Its elevation is about 2,000 feet above, the level of the St. Lawrence. The view from its summit is exceedingly grand.

TUAM, a post village in Simcoe co., Ont., on tic Not taw a saga river, 15 miles from Bradford. It contains a distillery, a flouring mill, 2 sawmills, and several stores. Pop. 180.

TULLAMORE, a post village in Card well co., Ont., 9 miles from Malton. Pop. 250.

TUPPERVILLE, a post village in Annapolis co N. S., on Annapolis river, 5 miles from Bridgetown. Pop. 150.

TURKS COVE, a fishing settlement on the S. side of Trinity Bay, Nfld., 36 miles from Harbor Grace. Poo. 80.

TURKS GUT, a fishing settlement on the N. side of Conception Bay, Nfld., 2 miles from Brigus. Pop. 140.

TURNIP COVE, a fishing settlement on the N. side of Fortune Bay, Nfld., 20 miles from Belleorem Pop. 40.

TURNS, or TERENCE, BAY, a post village in Halifax co., N.S., on the Atlantic coast, 19 miles from Halifax. Its inhabitants are chiefly engaged in the fisheries. Pop. 240.

TURTLE CREEK, a post settlement in Albert co., N.B., 12 miles from Salisbury. Pop. 150.

TURTLE LAKE, a post office in Victoria co., Ont., 7 miles from Ashdown.

TUSCARORA, or MIDDLEPORT, a post village in Brant co., Out., on the Grand River, and on the G. T. R., 11 miles from Brantford. Pop. 150.

TUSKET, a thriving post village in Yarmouth co,, N.S., on a river of the same name, 9 miles from Yarmouth. It contains a number of stores, and has a large trade in shipbuilding. Pop. 450.

TUSKET FORKS, a post office in Yarmouth co., N S.

TUSKET WEDGE, a post settlement in Yarmouth co., N.S., 12 miles from Yarmouth. Pop. 800.

TWEED, formerly HUNGERFORD MILLS, a thriving post village in Hastings co., Ont., on the River Moira, 25 miles from Belleville. It possesses good water power, and contains 2 saw mills, a flouring mill, steam tannery, woolen factory, iron foundry, 12 stores, a telegraph office, and churches of 3 denominations. Pop. 600.

TWEEDSIDE, a post settlement in York co., N.B., 8 miles from Harvey. Pop. 150.

TWEEDSIDE, a post village in Wentworth co , Ont., 4 miles from Winona Pop. l00.

TWILLINGATE, or TOULINGUET a seaport town and port of entry o Newfoundland, capital of the district of Twillingate and Fogo, 190 miles from St. John's. It is a place of considerable trade, and is situated on two islands of the same name which are connected together by a bridge. Its harbor is not very good, being exposed to N.E. winds. Copper mines are worked in the vicinity. Pop. 2,790.

TWO ISLANDS, a settlement in Cumberland co., N.S., 6 miles from Parrsborough. Pop. 100.

TWO MOUNTAINS, (Deux Montagnes,) a county of Quebec, having the Ottawa river for its S. boundary. Area 165,287 acres. It is watered by the Riviere du Nord and Riviere du Chene, which flow into the Ottawa. Its capital is Ste. Scholastique. Pop. 15,615.

TYENDINAGA, a township in Hastings co., Ont., having the Bay of Quinte for its S. boundary. It is watered by the Salmon river, a large stream on which are numerous flouring and saw mills, factories, &c. It contains several villages, the largest of which is Shannonville. Tyendinaga is the name of a station on the G. T. R., 34 miles from Kingston. The village of Marysville is distant a half mile from this station. See Marysville.

TYNEMOUTH, St. John co., N.B. See Ten Mile Greek.

TYNESIDE, a post office in Haldimand co., Ont, 14 miles from Hamilton.

TYROONNEL, a post village in Elgin co., Ont,., 3 miles from Wallace-town. It contains several stores and mills, and telegraph office. Pop. 160.

TYRONE, a post village in Durham so., Out., 7 miles from Bowmanville. It contains a telegraph office, 3 stores, a saw mill and a grist mill. Pop. 300.

TYRRELL, or HOPEVILLE, a post village in Norfolk co., Out., 6 miles from Simcoe. Pop. 80.


Lovell's Gazetteer of British North America, Edited by P.A. Crossby, 1873

 

Lovell's Gazetteer of British North America


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