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Riviere Bois Clair to Rymal, Canada

RIVIERE BOIS CLAIR, or ST. EDOUARD, a post village in Lotbinière co Que . 6½ miles from Lotbiniere, 53½ miles above Quebec It contains 2 stores and a saw mill. Pop. 330.

RIVIERE DES PRAIRIES, a post village in Hochelaga co., Que , 15 miles N. of Montreal It has a telegraph office. Pop. 250.

RIVIERE DU LOUP EN BAS or FRASERVILLE, a flourishing post village and watering place of Quebec, co of Temiscouata, situated on the S shore of the St. Lawrence, at the junction of the Grand Trunk and Intercolonial railways, and at the N.W. terminus of a railway in course of construction from Fredericton, 127 miles below Quebec. It has Roman Catholic and Episcopal churches, about 20 stores, several hotels and mills, 2 foundries, a tannery, a telegraph office, and a number of handsome villa residences. Pop. 1,511.

RIVIERE DU LOUP EN HAUT, a thriving post village and seigniory of Quebec, capital of Maskinonge co., situated on the N. shore of Lake St. Peter, 22½ miles above Three Rivers. It has a Roman Catholic church, agencies of two telegraph companies, a foundry, 2 tanneries, several mills, and about 15 stores. Pop. 1,500.

RIVIERE DU SUD, Iberville co., Que. See Henryville.

RIVIERE MAGDELAINE, a post village in Gaspe co., Que., 93 miles from Gaspe.

RIVIERE MARSOUIN, a hamlet in Gaspe co., Que., 23 miles from Ste. Anna Des Monts.

RIVIERE OUELLE, a post village and seigniory of Quebec, co. of Kamouraska, on the S. shore of the St. Lawrence, and on the G T. It., 92 miles below Quebec. It contains a Roman Catholic church, a telegraph office, a saw mill, and 4 stores. Pop. 300.

RIVIERE RAISIN, or NEW LANCASTER, a flourishing post village of Ontario, co. of Glengarry, on the River St Lawrence, and on the G. T. R , 54½ miles W. of Montreal. It contains a telegraph office, 4 hotels, and 10 or 12 stores Pop 350.

RIVIERE ST. LOUIS, Beauharnois co , Que See St Stanislas da Kostka

RIVIERE TROISPISTOLES, a post office in Temiscouata co., Que , on the River St Lawrence, an 1 on the 1 R. 22 miles below Riviere du Loup en Las. It has a telegraph office.

ROACHS POINT, or KESWICK, a post village in York co , Ont., on Lake Simcoe, 2 miles from Bell Ewart It has a telegraph office 2 stores, and a saw mills Pop. 75.

ROBERTS ISLAND, a post village in Yarmouth co., N.S, 15 miles from Yarmouth. Pop 150.

ROBERVAL, or LAC ST JEAN, a post village in Chicoutimi co , Que , on Lake St. John, 78 miles from Chicoutimi. It contains 2 stores. Pop. 300.

ROBERTSON'S MILLS, Glengarry co., Ont. See Dalkeith.

ROBINSON, a thriving post village in Compton co., Que., on Salmon Creek, 21 miles from Lennoxville. It contains 4 stores, 2 churches, 3 saw mills and 1 grist mill. Pop. 300.

ROBINSON'S HEAD, a fishing settlement on the south side of St. George's Bay, Nfld., 10 miles from Sandy Point. Pop. 123.

ROBLIN, a post village in Lennox co., Out., 10 miles from Napanee. It contains 4 stores, 2 saw mills, a grist mill and an hotel. Pop 150.

ROBLINS MILLS, Prince Edward Co., Ont. See Amehasburg.

ROBROY, a post office in Grey co., Out., 14 miles from Collingwood.

ROCHELLE, or STE. ANNE DE STUKELY, a post village in Shefford co., Que., 8 miles from Waterloo. It contains 2 stores and an hotel. Pop. 100.

ROCHESTER, or BELLE RIVER, a thriving post village in Essex co., Oat., on Belie River, a stream running into Lake St. Clair, and on the G. W. R , 208 miles S.W. of Toronto. It contains grist and carding mills, a telegraph office, and several hotels and stores. Pop. 300.

ROCHESTERVILLE, a post office in Carleton co., Ont.

ROCKBURN, a post village in Huntingdon co.. Que , on a branch of the River Chateauguay, 20 miles from Hemmingford. It contains a woolen mill, a grist mill and 2 stores. Pop. 75

ROCKFORD, a post village in Norfolk, co , Out., miles from Waterford It contains 2 grist mills, 1 saw mill, and 2 stores Pop 100

ROCK FOREST, a post office in Sherbrooke co., Que., 6 miles from Sherbrooke

ROCK HARBOR, a fishing settlement on the W side of Placentia Bay, Nfld . 10 miles from Burin. Pop. 80.

ROCKINGHAM a post village in Renfrew co Out., 41 miles from Renfrew. It contains a telegraph office, 2 Btore9, a carding mill, and a grist mill. Pop. 50.

ROCK ISLAND, a thriving post village in Stanstead co, Que. on the M.V.R., 1 mile from Stanstead, from which it is separated by a high range of hills. It contains 3 large boot and shoe factories, 1 soap factory, 2 iron foundries, a soap factory, a printing office, telegraph office, and about 12 stores. There are mineral springs in the vicinity. Pop. 800.

ROCKLAND, a post village in Russell co., Ont., on the River Ottawa, 26 miles below Ottawa. It contains a telegraph office and several saw mills. Pop. 130.

ROCKLAND, a post village in Westmorland co., N.B., on the Petitcodiac River, 3 miles from Dorchester. It has extensive free stone quarries. Pop. 100.

ROCKLAND, a station on the New Brunswick railway, in York co., N.B., 10 miles from Fredericton.

ROCKLIFFE a post office in Renfrew co., Oat., on the River Ottawa, 11 miles above Rapides des Joachims.

ROCKLIN, a post village in Pictou co., N.S., on Middle river, 6½ miles from Glengarry. It contains saw, grist and fulling mills. Pop. 130.

ROCKPORT, a post village in Leeds co., Ont., on the River St. Lawrence, 11 miles from Mallorytown. It contains a saw mill and a store. Pop. 125.

ROCKPORT, a seaport of New Brunswick, co. of Westmorland, on the W. side of Cumberland Basin, 12 miles from Dorchester. Pop. 100.

ROCKSIDE, a post village in Cardwell co , Ont., 18 miles from Brampton. Pop. 60

ROCK SPRINGS, Leeds co., Ont. See Whitehurst.

ROCKTON, a post village in Wentworth co., Ont., 9½ miles from Dundas. It contains 1 hotel and 3 stores. Pop. 100.

ROCKVIEW, Grey co., Ont. See Kimberley.

ROCK VILLAGE, a post office in Russell co., Ont., 3 miles from Ottawa.

ROCKVILLE, a post village in Kings co., N.B., 5 miles from Sussex. Pop 100.

ROCKVILLE, a post village in Yarmouth co , N S , 7 miles from Yarmouth. Pop 60.

ROCKVILLE, a village in the co. of Beauharnois, Que , 40 miles S.W. of Montreal.

ROCKWELL, or AMHERST SHORE, a post village in Cumberland co., N.S., 22 miles from River Philip Pop, 200.

ROCKWOOD, a flourishing post village of Ontario, co of Wellington, on the River Speed, and on the G T. R., 41 miles W. of Toronto. It has extensive water power, and contains Presbyterian and Methodist churches, a telegraph office, 3 flouring mills, a saw mill, a large woolen factory, and several stores Pop. 600.

ROCKY BAY, a fishing settlement in the district of Twillingate and Fogo, Nfld., 16 miles from Seldom-Come-By. Pop. 27.

ROCKY LAKE, a station on the I. R, in Halifax co., N.S.. 11 miles from Halifax The Nova Scotia Ice Company has its storehouses here.

ROCKY MOUNTAINS, called also the CHIPPEWAYAN MOUNTAINS, a chain in the central and W part of North America:  commencing in New Mexico, in about 32° 30 N. lat , near Fort Webster, it extends nearly N.N.W. throughout the N portion of the continent and the Polar Ocean, terminating W. of the mouth of the Mackenzie river in lat 69° N., lon 135° W This range, in connection with the Andes, of which it may be said to be a continuation, forms the longest, and, according to Humboldt, the most uniform chain of mountains on the globe Somewhat more than half of the entire chain belongs to North America, the name, Rocky Mountains, being usually applied to that portion only which is comprised within the United States and Dominion of Canada, although the exact limit of this mountain range towards the S. can scarcely be said to be determined. The entire length, however, of the chain, fallowing the windings, may be stated in round numbers at 3,000 miles. The E. boundary of the Rocky Mountains in lat. 38° N., is in 107° 20 W. lon.; in lat. 40° N., 108° 30' W. lon.; in lat. 63° N., 124° 40 W. lon.; in lat. 68° N., 130° 30 W. lon. Notwithstanding this general tending to the W., the continent widens so much more in the same direction that this chain, which, in South and Central America, and Mexico, is comparatively a coast range, is several hundred leagues inland in the United States and Canada. The highest known peaks within the United States are Fremont's, 13,570 feet, and Pikes Peak, 11,497 feet high; and Mount Brown and Mount Hooker, in Canada, near 53: N. lat., the former about 10,000 and the latter 15,690 feet above the sea level. We are very imperfectly acquainted with this system of mountains; the general altitude of the range, however, is supposed to vary from 10,000 to 14,000 feet; it is said that peaks have been measured of 18,000 feet in elevation Probably no mountains of the same altitude can be so readily traversed as the Rocky Mountain chain, owing to the great breadth of its base and its gentle acclivity Among the most remarkable of the numerous passes may be mentioned that leading from the head waters of the Athabasca to those on the Columbia between Mount Brown and Mount Hooker, and called the Athabasca Portage , it has a height of 7 3u0 feet and has only been used by the traders of the Hudson's Bay Company a9 the principal pass into the basin of Columbia. Tue following are the measurement of 8 other passes in the Dominion of Canada:

1 Red Stone Creek or Boundary Pass from Waterton River to the Kootanie. 6,030 feet above the sea.

2 British Kootanie Pass, by Ramsay River to the Kootanie. 5,960 feet.

3. Crow's Nest Pass, by Crow River to the Kootanie.

4. Kananaski Pass, from Fort Bow by Ramsay River to the Kootanie (with a short tunnel 4,600 feet). 5,985 feet.

5. Vermillion Pass, from the Smith Saskatchewan by Fort Bow (4,100 feet) to the Kootanie. 4,947 feet.

6 Kicking Horse Pass, by Bow River and Kicking Horse River to the Upper Columbia. 5,420 feet.

7. Howse Pass, from Deer River by Blueberry River to the Upper Columbia. 6,347 feet.

8. Tête Jaune or Yellowhead Pass, from the Athabasca to the Upper Fraser, 3,760 feet.

The principal pass on United States territory is the South Pass in about lat. 42° 30' N., and Ion. 109° 30' W. Its elevation is about 7,500 feet above the sea. The Union Pacific Railroad crosses the Rocky Mountains near the sources of the Missouri and Columbia at an elevation of about 6,000 feet above the sea. Amid the valleys and forges of this stupendous system of mountains, some of the largest rivers of the globe have their birth. Of these, the Athabasca, Peace and Mackenzie
find their outlet in the Polar Sea; the Saskatchewan in the Atlantic, through Hudson's Bay; the Missouri and its tributaries rind an exit in the Mississippi while the Rio del Norte, the Colorado and the Columbia take opposite directions, the first through the valley of New Mexico to the Gulf of Mexico: the second through the deserts of Utah to the Gulf of California; While the last, from the N. bursting through the Cascade aid coast ranges, rushes lo join the mighty Pacific, bearing the only water that reaches that Ocean directly from this range Of the geological structure of the Rocky Mountains little is as yet known. Volcanic rocks are known to exist in many places en the slopes or sides According to the most recent reports there is. between the heads of Madison Liver and the upper waters of the Yellowstone, a volcanic region of perhaps 100 square miles in extent. Hot springs are found not only in this region, but in various other places on the E. and W declivities of the Rocky Mountain range Near 42° 37 N lat. and 111° 45 TV. lon., there are a number of mountains the waters of which effervesce with the carbonic acid that they contain From this circumstance they have received the name of "Beer, or Soda Springs" The most remarkable of these throws up a jet d eau of about 3 feet high, accompanied with a subterraneous noise, which, together with the rushing of the water, resembles the sound of a steamboat in motion whence it has been termed the "Steamboat Spring." Inexhaustible coals fields skirt the Rocky Mountains through 12 degrees of latitude, chiefly in British territory. The route of the Canadian Pacific railway will be through this coal district and will cross the Rocky Mountains by the Yellowhead Pass.

RODGERVILLE, a post village in Huron co.. Ont., is miles from Clinton It contains 2 stores and a tannery Pop. 70.

RODNEY, a post village in Elgin co., Ont., 10 miles from Newbury It contains a saw mill and 2 stores. Pop. 80

ROEBUCK, formerly HECK'S CORNERS, a post village in Grenville co , Ont , 4½ miles from Spencerville. It contains a saw mill and 1 store Pop 100

ROGER'S HILL, or SCOTSBURN, a post settlement in Pictou co., N.S., 11 miles from Pictou Pop. 300.

ROGUES HARBOR, a settlement in the district of Twillingate and Fogo, Nfld., 11 miles from Tilt Cove Pop. 40

ROKEBY, a post village in Lanark co., Out., 18 miles from Perth. Pop. 30.

ROIX ROAD, a station on the N. B. & C. R , in Charlotte co., N.B , .5 mile3 from St Andrews

ROLLING DAM, a post settlement in Charlotte co., N.B, on the N B & C. R., 20 miles from St Andrews. Pop. 500.

ROLPH, Norfolk co., Ont See Ronson

ROMAN'S VALLEY, a post office in Guysborough co.. N.S

ROMNEY. a post office in Kent co., Ont , 14 miles from Leamington

RONALDSAY, a post village in Grey co. Ont.. 10 miles from Mount Forest. Pop 150

RONDEAU or BLENHEIM, a thriving post village in Kent co., Ont. 12 miles from Chatham. It contains Episcopal and Methodist churches, several stores, hotels, mills and factories, and has a large trade in fruit and grain. Pop 850

RONDEAU HARBOR, a lake port of Ontario, co of Kent, on Lake Erie, 18 miles from Chatham Fop. 150

RONSON or ROLPH, a post, office in Norfolk co Ont , 6¼ miles from Delhi.

ROSA, a post village in Northumberland co , Ont , 4½ miles from Trenton. It contains saw and flouring mills, Pop. 100

ROSEBANK, formerly SHIPMAN'S CORNERS, a post village in Brant co.. Ont., 5 miles from Harrisburg It contains a woolen mill Pop 40.

ROSEBANK, a settlement in Lunenburg co , N S , 2 miles from Lunenburg. Pop 250

ROSEBANK, a settlement n Northumberland co , N B., 2 miles from Newcastle. Pop 50.

ROSE BLANCHE, a post town and port of entry in the district of Burgeo and La Poile, Nfld., 223 miles from St. John's (by steamer.) The fishery is carried on here all winter. Pop. 452.

ROSEDALE, a post village in Victoria co., Out., 7 miles from Fenelon Falls. Pop. 150.

ROSEDENE, or VIENNA, a post village in Monck co., Ont., 10 miles from Beamsville. Pop. 100.

ROSEHALL, a post office in Prince Edward co., Ont., 20 miles from Belleville.

ROSEHILL, a settlement in Gloucester co., N.B., 7 miles from Bathurst. Pop. 25.

ROSEMONT, a post village in Simcoe co., Ont., 1 miles from Gilford. It contains 8 or 9 stores, and a telegraph office. Pop. 150.

ROSENEATH, a post village in Northumberland co., Out., 20 miles from Cobourg. It contains 2 stores and a flouring mill. Pop. 100.

ROSETTA, a post village in Lanark Co., Out, 14 miles from Lanark. Pop. 20.

ROSETTE, a settlement in Queens co., N.S , 20 miles from Bridgewater. Pop. 60.

ROSEVALE, a post settlement in Albert co., N B., 20 miles from Salisbury. Here are inexhaustible beds of shale, but they are not work dowing to cheapness of well oils. Pop. 100.

ROSE VALLEY, a post village in Queens co., P.E.I., 50 miles from Charlottetown Pop. 200.

ROSEVILLE, a post village in Waterloo Co., Ont., 8 miles from Berlin. It contains a saw mill, 3 stores and 2 hotels Pop. 200.

ROSEVILLE, Lanark co., Out. See Montague

RUSE BAY, a post settlement in Shelburne co , N.S., 16 miles from Shelburne Pop. 200

ROSLIN, a post village in Hastings co., Ont. l½ miles from Belleville. Pop 200.

ROSLIN, a post office in Cumberland co, N.S., 10 miles from Thomson.

ROSS, a post office in Renfrew co., Out., 19 miles from Sand Point.

ROSS CORNERS, a post office in Kingies, N.S. 24 miles from Kentville.

ROSSEAU, a post village and lake port in Victoria co , Out, on Lake Rosseau, 25 miles from Bracebridge It contains a telegraph office, 2 hotels and 2 store. Pop. 200.

ROSSITER'S, a station on the St. & O.R., in Russell co., Ont., 37 miles from Prescott.

ROSSVILLE, an Indian village at the S.E. extremity of Play Green Lake, about 2 miles E. of Norway House, North West Territories. It is composed of wooden houses surrounded by small gardens, inhabited and cultivated by Christian Indians, who hunt in the forest during winter. It is the centre of a Wesleyan mission.

ROSS WAY, a post settlement in Digby co., N.S., on Digby Neck, 9 miles from Digby. Pop. 100.

ROTHSAY or MARYBOROUGH, a thriving post village in Wellington co., Ont., on the River Conestogo, 18 miles from Elora. It contains churches of 3 denominations, a woolen factory, saw and grist mill, 3 stores, and a telegraph office. Pop. 250.

ROTHSAY, a pretty post village in Kings co., N.B., on the Kennebaccasis River, and on the I. R., 9 miles N. of St. John. It contains a shipyard and several stores. Pop. 150.

ROUGE HILL, a post village in Ontario co., Ont., on Lake Ontario, 17 miles E. of Toronto. Pop. 100.

ROUGEMOXT, a thriving post village in Rouville co., Que., 11 miles from Chambly Basin. It contains a boot and shoe factory, and a saw and grist mill. Pop. 500.

ROUND BAY, a fishing settlement in Shelburne co., N.S., 18 miles from Shelburne. I op. 150.

ROUND HARBOR, a fishing settlement in the district of Twillingate and Fogo, Nfld., 3 miles from Tilt Cove. Copper ore is found here. Pop. 70.

ROUND HARBOR, a fishing settlement in the district of Fortune Bay, Nfld, 4 miles from Gaultois. Pop. 40.

ROUND HILL, a post village in Annapolis co., N S , on the W. & A. R., 8 miles E of Annapolis. Pop 200.

ROUND HILL, a post village in Kings co., N.B., on the St. John River, 23 miles above St. John. Pop. 100.

ROUND PLAINS, a post village in Norfolk co., Ont., 4 miles from Waterford. It contains a saw mill and 1 store Pop. 150.

ROUVILLE, a county of Quebec, bordering on the Richelieu river, comprises an area of 150,035 acres. Capital, Ste. Marie de Monnoir. Pop. 17,634.

ROWAN MILLS, Norfolk co., Ont See Stisted.

ROWANTON, a post office in Pontiac co., Que., 20 miles from Rapides des Joachims.

ROXBURGH, a post settlement in Albert co., N.B., 19 miles from Penobsquis. Pop. 150.

ROXHAM, a post village in St. Johns Co., Que., 5 miles from Hemmingford. Pop. 150.

ROXTON FALLS, an incorporated village in Shefford co., Que., on Black river, 6 miles from Acton Vale, 16 miles from Granby. It contains a telegraph office, 2 tanneries, and several stores and mills. Pop. 1,200.

ROXTON POND, a post village in Shefford co., Que., 9 miles from Granby. It contains 2 stores, and a saw and grist mill. Pop. 125.

ROYAL ROAD, a post settlement in York co., N.B., 6 miles from Fredericton. It has 2 saw mills. Pop. 200.

RUGBY, a post village in Simcoe co., Out., 6 miles from Orillia. Pop. 75.

RUISSEAU DES CHENES, a post village in Drummond co., Que., 8 miles from St. Hugues. Pop. 75.

RUNNYMEDE, a post office in Bonaventure co., Que., 6 miles from Matapediac.

RUPERT, a post village in Ottawa co., Que., 40 miles N. of Ottawa. Pop. 50.

RUSAGORNIS, a post village in Sunbury co., N.B., on the Fredericton Branch railway, 14 miles S.E. of Fredericton. Pop. 200.

RUSBOON, a fishing settlement on the W. side of Placentia Bay, Nfld., 18 miles from Burin. Pop. 71.

RUSSELL or DUNOANVILLE, or CASTOR, a post village in Russell co., Out., on the Castor river, 24 miles from Ottawa. It contains several saw mills, 1 grist mill, a carding mill, 5 or 6 stores, a tannery, an hotel, and a telegraph office. Pop. 150.

RUSSELL, a county in the E. part of Ontario, comprises an area of 439,335 acres. The Ottawa river washes its N. border and the Petite Nation washes the S. part. Capital, L'Orignal. Pop. 18,344.

RUSSELLDALE, a hamlet in Perth Co., Ont. It contains an hotel and 1 store.

RUSSELLTOWN or RUSSELLTOWN FLATS, a post village and port of entry in Chateauguay co., Que., 49 miles S.W. of Montreal. It contains a saw mill, a tannery and 2 stores. Value of imports for 1872 $11,229; exports $15,710. Pop. 100.

RUSSELL'S COVE, a fishing settlement in the district of Trinity, Nfld., 6 miles from Old Perlican. Pop. 150.

RUSTICO, a thriving post village in Queens co., P.E.I., on Rustico Bay, 16 miles from Charlottetown. It is one of the chief fishing stations on the island, and contains the head offices of the Farmers Bank, a grist and carding mill, and several stores and hotels. Pop. 250.

RUTHERFORD, a post village in Bothwell co., Ont., 12 miles from Thamesville. Pop. 100.

RUTHVEN, a post village in Essex co., Ont., 4 miles from Leamington. It contains a woolen mill, a grist mill, 2 hotels, 4 stores, and a telegraph office. Pop. 150.

RUTLEDGEVILLE, or BROADVILLE, a village in Hastings co., Ont., 17 miles from Belleville. Pop. 80.

RYCKMAN'S CORNERS, a post village in Wentworth co., Ont., 3 miles from Hamilton. Pop. 150.

RYEGATE or TECUMSEH STATION, a post village in Essex co., Ont., on the G. W.R., 8 miles from Windsor. It contains several stores and hotels. Pop. 200.

RYERSONVILLE, a hamlet in Annapolis co., N.S.

RYLSTONE, or ALLAN'S MILLS, a post village in Northumberland co., Ont., 34 miles from Believille. It contains a saw and grist mill. Pop. 100.

RYMAL, a station on the Hamilton and Lake Erie Railway, in Wentworth co., Ont., 6 miles from Hamilton.


Lovell's Gazetteer of British North America, Edited by P.A. Crossby, 1873

 

Lovell's Gazetteer of British North America


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