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Cabot's Head to Canada Creek, Canada
CABOT'S HEAD, the extreme point of a promontory separating Lake Huron, from
CACHE CREEK, a post village in Yale district, B.C., on the Bonaparte River,
about 5 miles above its junction with the Thompson, 210 miles from New
Westminster. It contains a blacksmith shop, store and inn, and some Indian huts.
CACOUNA, a post village in Temiscouata co., Que., on the south shore of the St.
Lawrence, with a station on the G.T. R. 131 miles below Quebec. This is the
fashionable watering place of the Dominion; thousands resort to it during the
sultry months to enjoy the sea breeze and sea bathing. The village contains an
extensive hotel, a smaller one, several cottages and boarding houses, a number
of handsome villas, the residences of the elite of Quebec and Montreal, a few
stores, a telegraph office and churches of three denominations, Church of
England, Roman Catholic and Presbyterian. The Quebec and Saguenay steamers call
at the Rivière du Loup, 5 miles from Cacouna during the summer season. Pop 641.
CADMUS, a post office in Durham, co., Ont., 15 miles from Bethany.
CAESAREA, a post village in Durham co., Ont., 18 miles from Bowmanville. It
contains a saw mill. Pop. 200.
CAIN'S MOUNTAIN, a settlement in Victoria co., N.S.
CAIN'S RIVER, a post village in Northumberland co., N.B. 30 miles from
Newcastle. Pop 100.
CAINSVILLE, or CAYUGA HEIGHTS, a post village in Brant co., Ont., on Grand
River, with a station on the G.T.R., (Buffalo and Goderich division) 3 miles
from Brantford. Pop 300.
CAINTOWN, a post village in Leeds co., Ont., 4 miles from Mallorytown. It
contains a sawmill. Pop. 250.
Cairngorm or MOUNT HOPE, also called KATESVILLE, a post village in Middlesex
co., Ont., on a branch of the Sydenham River, 9 miles from Strathrov. Pop. 150
CAISEY'S POINT, a settlement in Kent co., N.B. on Northumberland strait, 10
miles from Shediac. Pop. 100.
CALABOGIE, a post village in Renfrew co., Ont., on the Madawaska River, 26 miles
from Arnprior. It contains 2 stores and 2 taverns.
CALDER, a post village in Middlesex co., Ont., 8 miles from St. Thomas. Pop.
CALDWELL, a post village in Cardwell co., Ont., 5 miles from Charleston. Pop.
CALEDON or CHARLESTON STATION, a post village in Cardwell co., Ont., on the T.G.
& B. R., 41 miles from Toronto. It is surrounded by a good wheat country. Pop.
CALEDON EAST, or PAISLEY, a post village in Cardwell co., Ont., on the T.G. & B.
R., 1½ , miles from Mono Road station. Pop. 200.
CALEDONIA, a post settlement in Albert co., N.B., 8 miles from Hillsborough and
22 miles from Salisbury. Pop. 200.
CALEDONIA, a post village in Cape Breton co., N.S., on the south side of Little
Glace Bay, 16 miles from Sydney. Extensive coalmines are worked here by the
Caledonia Company. Pop. 250.
CALEDONIA or SENECA, a incorporated village in Haldimand co., Ont., situated on
the Grand River, at the junction of the Grand Trunk and Hamilton and Lake Erie
railways, 16 miles S.W. of Hamilton, 17 miles E.S.E. of Brantford. It possesses
excellent water power privileges and contains saw and grist mills, a large
foundry and machine shop, a woolen factory, a telegraph office and a number of
stores. A weekly newspaper is published here. Pop. 1,246.
CALEDONIA, a post village in Kings co., P.E.I., 27 miles from Charlottetown.
CALEDONIA CORNER, a post village in Queens co., N.S., 38 miles from Annapolis.
It contains 3 stores, 2 hotels and about 400 inhabitants.
CALEDONIA FLATS, Prescott co., One., See Fenaghvale
CALEDONIA MILLS, a post village in Antigouish co., N.S., 56 miles form New
Glasgow. Pop 120
CALEDONIA, NEW, a tract of country of the Dominion of Canada W. of the Rocky
Mountains, between lat. 48° and 57° N, and extending about 500 miles from N to S
and nearly 400 miles from E to W. It is mountainous and abounds in lakes and
rivers; the largest of the latter is called Fraser's River. It is inhabited by
two great nations, the Takali or Carrier Indians and the Atnahs or Shouswaps.
See British Columbia.
CALEDONIA SPRINGS, a post village and watering place in Prescott co., Ont., 9
miles from L'Original, 72 miles W by S of Montreal. It has a telegraph office
and good hotel accommodation and is famed for the medicinal qualities of its
springs. Pop. 100.
CALEDONIA (St. Mary's) a post office in Guysborough co., N.S., 67 miles from
CALIFORNIA, a settlement in Victoria co., N.B.
CALIFORNIA, Chateauguay co., Que., See Aubrey.
CALIFORNIA CORNERS, York co., Ont., See Mongolia.
CALLIERE, a small village in Charlevoix co., Que., 21 miles from Murray Bay.
CALTON, a post village in Elgin co., Ont., 10 miles from Aylmer. It contains 2
CALUMET ISLAND, a post village and parish in Pontiac co., Que., on the Ottawa
River, 12 miles from Portage da Fort, and 72 miles from Ottawa. Steamers call
here during season of navigation. Pop. 1,080.
CAMBORNE or SPRING MILLS, a post village in Northumberland co., Ont., 6 miles
from Cobourg. It contains saw and grist mills. Pop. 120
CAMBRIA, a post village in Argenteuil co., Que., 9 miles from St. Jerome, 18
miles from Lachute. It contains 2 churches, 2 stores, 1 saw mill and l
gristmill. Pop. 700.
CAMBRAY, a post village in Victoria co., Ont., on the M.R., 49 miles from Port
Hope. It contains saw and grist mills and a telegraph office. Pop 250.
CAMBRIDGE, a post settlement in Queens co., N.B., 45 miles from St. John. Pop.
CAMBRIDGE, a post village in Hants co., N.S., on Minns Basin, 22 miles from
Newport. Pop. 100.
CAMBRIDGE or SHARPS BRIDGE, a post village in Kings co., N.S., on the Cornwallis
River, 7 miles from Kentville. Pop. 180.
CAMBRIDGE STATION, a post village in Kings co., N S., on the W. & A R.32 miles
CAMDEN, a small village in Addington co, Ont , 18 miles from Napanee.
CAMDEN EAST, or CLARK'S MILLS, also called CLARKESVILLE, a thriving post village
in Addington co., Ont., on the Napanee River, 9 miles from Napanee. It possesses
un-limited waterpower, and contains a telegraph office, a carding mill, and
grist and sawmills. Pop. 500.
CAMERON, a post office in Inverness co., N S., 4 miles from Margaree Forks.
CAMERON, a post village in Victoria co., Ont., 8 miles from Lindsay. Pop. 60
CAMERONTOWN, a post office m Glengarry co., Ont.
CAMILLA, a post village in Cardwell co., Ont., on Nottawasaga River, 6 miles
from Orangeville It contains saw, grist and shingle mills. Pop. 100
CAMLACHIE, a post village in Lambton co., Ont., near Lake Huron, with a station
on the G. T. R, 13 miles E. of Sarnia It has 2 telegraph offices, 5 stores, 1
hotel, and 3 saw mills. Pop 50
CAMPBELLFORD, a flourishing post village in Northumberland co., Ont., situated
on the River Trent, 20 miles from Brighton. It possesses excellent waterpower
privileges, and has several gristmills, a tannery, 2 woollen and carding nulls,
a telegraph office, and a number of stores Pop. 1,000.
CAMPBELL'S, a station on the M.R., 10 miles from Port Hope. It has a telegraph
CAMPBELL'S CROSS, or DUBLIN, a post village in Reel co., Ont., 8 miles from
Brampton. Pop 150.
CAMPBELL SETTLEMENT, a post settlement in Kings co., N.B., 12 miles from Sussex.
CAMPBELL SETTLEMENT, or BLOOMFIELD, a post settlement in York co., N.B., 48
miles from Fredericton. Pop. 200.
CAMPBELLTON, a seaport town of Restigouche co., N.B., situated at the entrance
of the Restigouche river in Baie des Chaleurs, with a station on the I. R., 200
miles from Rivière du Loup, 16 miles from Dalbousie. It is the northernmost town
in the province; it contains a telegraph office, 12 or 15 stores, 3 hotels, and
several mills, and has a considerable trade in lumber and fish, especially
salmon. During season of navigation a steamer runs once a week between
Campbellton and Shediac. Pop. 600.
CAMPBELLTON, a small village in Oxford co., Ont., 14 miles from Ingersoll. Pop.
CAMPBELLTON, or CLIFTON, a post village in Prince co., P.E.I., 43 miles from
Summerside. Pop. 150.
CAMPBELLVILLE, a post village in II alt on co., Ont., 14 miles from Wellington
Square. It contains a woollen factory, 2 saw mills, and a flourmill. Pop. 200.
CAMPDEN, a post village in Lincoln co., Ont., 4 miles from Beamsville. Pop. 90.
CAMPO BELLO, an Island about 8 miles long, belonging to New Brunswick, in the
Bay of Fundy, at the entrance of Passamaquoddy Bay. Between the main ship
channel and the northern entrance into Head Harbor is a fixed light, 60 feet
above high water mark. Lat. 44° 57' 40" N.; lon. 66° 54' 10' W. Pop. 1,073.
CAMPO BELLO, or WELSHPOOL, a post village and port of entry on Campo Bello
Island, opposite Eastport and Lubec, the two extreme eastern towns in the State
of Maine. A good trade is done here in smoked fish. It is a favorite resort of
American tourists in the summer months. The total number of arrivals in 1872 was
59 (tons 5,083), and the clearances 47 (tons 2,950). Total value of imports
$12,137; exports $23,351. Pop. 500.
CANAAN, a post office in Kings co., N.S., 6 miles from Kentville.
CANAAN, a settlement in Carleton co., N.B., on the River Munqtuart, 33 miles
from Woodstock. Pop. 300.
CANAAN, a settlement in Cumberland co., N. S., 13 miles from Athol.
CANAAN, a small settlement in Kent co., N.B., 25 miles from Riclubucto. Pop. 75.
CANAAN MOUNTAIN, a settlement in Annapolis co., N. S. It has 1 store.
CANAAN ROAD, or TREMONT, a post village in Kings co., N.S.,5½ miles from
Kentville. Pop. 250.
CANADA CREEK, a post village in Kings co., N.S., on the Bay of Fundy, 9 miles
from Waterville. There is a lighthouse on Black Rock at the en-trance to this
harbor, exhibiting a fixed white light visible from all points of approach. Pop.
Lovell's Gazetteer of British North America,
Edited by P.A. Crossby, 1873
Lovell's Gazetteer of British North America