Canadian Genealogy | Notes on Hudson Bay Territory

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Vocabulary of the Principal Indian Dialects 

Vocabulary Of The Principal Indian Dialects In Use Among The Tribes In The Hudson's Bay Territory

English Sauteau or Ogibois Cree Beaver Indian Chippewayan

One

Pejik

Pay ak

It la day

Ittla hē

Two

Neesh

Neesho

Onk shay day

Nank hay

Three

Nisway

Nisto

Ta day

Ta he

Four

Neowin

Neo

Dini day

Dunk he

Five

Nā nan

Nay nā nan

Tlat zoon e de ay

Sa soot la he

Six

Ni got as way

Nigotwassik

Int zud ha

L'goot ha hé

Seven

Nish was way

Tay pa goop

Ta e wayt zay

Tluz ud dunk he

Eight

Shwas way

Ea naneo

Etzud een tay

L'goot dung he

Nine

Sang

Kay gat me tā tat

Kala gay ne ad ay

Itla ud ha

Ten

Quaitch

Me ta tat

Kay nay day

Hona

Eleven

Aji pay jik

Payak ai wak

Tlad ay may day

Itla, ja idel

Twelve

Aji neesh

Neesh way ai wok

Ong shay day may day

Nank hay, ja idel

Twenty

Neej ta na

Neesh tan ao

Ong ka gay nay day

Ta he, ja idel

Thirty

Nisway mittana

Neo meatanao

Tao gay nay day

 

Forty

Neo mittana

&c.

Deo gay nay day

 

Fifty

Nanan mittana

&c.

 

 

Sixty

Nigot asway mittana

 

 

 

Seventy

Nish was way mittana

 

 

 

Eighty

Shwas way mittana

 

 

 

Ninety

Sang mittana

 

 

 

One hundred

Ni goot wack

Me ta tin mittanao

Kay nay tay

Itla honan nanana.

How often

Anin. tas ink

Tan mat ta to

Tan ay tien

Itla hon eeltay.

How many

Anin ain tas ink

Tan ay ta tik

Tan ay tien

Itla elday.

How long since

Anapé apin aijo

Ta ispi aspin

A shay doo yay

Itla hon il tao.

When

Anapé

Ta is pi

Dee ad doo yay

Itlao.

To-day

Nongum. kajigack

Anootch kee je gak

Doo jay nee ay

Deerd sin o gay.

To-morrow

Wabunk

Wa bakay

Ghad ay zay

Campay.

Yesterday

Chenāngo

Ta goosh ick

Ghagh ganno

Hozud singay.

This year

Nongum egee wang

Anootch egee kee wang

Doo la

Do uz sin e gay.

This month

Wà á. Keēsis

Awa pee shum

Teeay tee za

Dirius a gay.

A man

Ininé

Nā bay o

Taz eu

Dinnay you.

A woman

Ikway

Isk way o

Iay quay

Tzay quay.

A girl

Ikway says

Isk way shish

Id az oo

Ed dinna gay.

A boy

Quee we says

Na bay shish

Taz yuz é

Dinnay yoo azay.

Interpreter

Oten way ta ma gay

On tway ta ma gay o

Nao day ay

Dinnay tee ghaltay.

Trader

Ata way ini niu

Ataway ininiu

Meeoo tay

Ma kad ray.

Moose-Deer

Moze

Mozwa

Tlay tchin tay

Tunnehee hee.

Rein-Deer

Attick

Attick

May tzee

Ed hun.

Beaver

Amick

Amisk

Tza

Tza.

Dog

Ani moosh

Attim

Tlee

Tlee.

Rabbit

Waboose

Waboose

Kagh

Kagh.

Bear

Maqua

Masqua

Zus

Zus.

Wolf

Ma ing an

Mahigan

Tshee o nay

Noo nee yay.

Fox

Wa goosh

Ma kay shish

E. yay thay

Nag hee dthay.

I hunt

Ni ge oz ay

Ni mā tchin

Na o zed

Naz uz ay.

Thou huntest

Ki ge oz ay

Ki ma tchin

Nodzed

Nan ul zay.

He hunts

Ge oz ay

Ma tchio

Nazin zed

Nal zay.

We hunt

Ni ge oz ay min

Ni ma tchinan

Naze zedeo

Na il zay.

Ye hunt

Ki ge oz aim

Ki ma tchinawao

Nazin zedeo

Nal zin al day.

They hunt

Ge oz ay wok

Matchiwog

Owadié tzed

Na hal zay.

I kill

Ni ne ta gay

Ni mi na hon

Uz éay gha

Zil tir.

Thou killest

Ki ne ta gay

Ki mi na hon

Uz éay ghan

Zil nil tir.

He kills

Ne ta gay

Minaho

Ud zeay gha

Tla in il tir.

We kill

Ni ne ta gay min

Ni mina honan

Uz ugho-ghay uzin

Tla in il dir.

Ye kill

Ki ne ta gaim

Kim in a honawa

Uz ugho ghay uzin

Zee ool dir.

They kill

Ne ta gay wok

Minahowog

Utza ghay agho

Tla in il tay.

I laugh

Ni baap

Ni baap in

Utzay rad lotsh

Naz-lo.

Thou laughest

Ki baap

Ki baap in

Utlint lotsh

Na-id-lo.

He laughs

Baapé

Baapio

Utroz lotsh

Nad-lo.

We laugh

Ni baap imin

Ni baap in an

Utlo wod lotshay

Tlo a-ee-el-tee.

Ye laugh

Ki baapim

Ki baapin a wao

Tlodzud udzee

Tlo gha ee-ol-tee.

They laugh

Baap ewog

Baapiwog

Tlodzud udzee

Tlo-gha-ee-el-tee.

I trade

Ni da ta way

Ni da dā wan

Mata oz lay

Naz nee.

Thou tradest

Ki da ta way

Ki da dā wan

Mata an eelay

Na el nee.

He trades

Ataway

Atawayo

Kita od eenla

Na el nee.

We trade

Ni da ta way min

Nin da tā wan an

Mata ad oz id la

Na-da-ell nee.

Ye trade

Ki da ta way min

Ki da tā wan o wa

Mata a la ozayo

Na ool nee.

They trade

A ta way wok

Ata way wok

Ma tā a leeay la

Eghon a el nee.

I fight

Ni me gaz

Ni no ti ni gan

Magad ay a

Dinī gun as tir.

Thou fightest

Ki me gaz

Ki no ti ni gan

Magad osee ya la

Dini gun a ee dthir

He fights

Mi gazo

No ti ni gay o

We fight

Ni me gazomin

Nino ti ni gān an

Ye fight

Ki me gazom

Ki no ti ni gan a wao

They fight

Mi guz o wog

Notini gay wok

I set a net

Ni bug-é ta wa

Ni bug-e ta wan

Zoo meet la uz loo

Tloo e kanistan.

Thou settest a net

Ki bug-e ta wa

Ki bug-e ta wan

Too meet lan itlo

Tloo é kan e than.

He sets a net

Bug-e ta wa

Bug-e ta wao

Ta eet loon

Tloo e kan ethan loay.

We set a net

Ni bug-e ta wa min

Ni bug-e ta wānan

Ta ghoo loo hoon

Tloo e kan oodthan.

Ye set a net

Ni bug-é ta wam

Ki bug-e ta-wan a wao

Ta ghoo loo uz éo

Tloo e kan eethan.

They set a net

Bug-e ta wā wog

Bug-e-ta-wa wog

Too milt at la oozoon

I sail

Ni be mash

Ni be mashin

Thou sailest

Ki be mash

Ki be mashin

He sails

Bi mash é

Be mash eo

We sail

Ni bi mishimin

Ni bi mashinan

Ye sail

Ki bi mash im

Ki bi mashin a wao

They sail

Bi mash i wog

Be mash i wog

I sleep

Ni ni bā

Ni ni ban

Zus tee ay

Thee id ghee.

Thou sleepest

Ki ni ba

Ki ni ban

Zin tee ay

Theend ghee.

He sleeps

Ni ba

Ni ba o

Na gho tee azay

Thad ghee.

We sleep

Ni ni bā min

Ni ni bān an

Zut ié tsho

Theed ghāz

Ye sleep

Ki ni bam

Ki ni ban ā wao

Tsuz ié tsho

Thood ghaz

They sleep

Ni ba wog

Ni ba wog

Tsugh ien tiez

Hay ud ghaz

I drink

Ni minik way

Ni minik wan

Uzto

Haysta

Thou drinkest

Ki minik way

Ki minik wan

Nadho

Nad-ha

He drinks

Minik way

Minik way o

Ughiehedo

Ee ed ha

We drink

Ni minik way min

Ni minik wānan

May ee ta

Heel tell

Ye drink

Ki mink waim

Ki minik wanāwao

May lee ta la

Hool tell

They drink

Minikway wog

Minikway wok

May atta

He el tell

I want to drink

Ni we miniquay

Ni we miniquan

O ghoz to

Oz ta in is tan

Drink

Minik quaine

Minik quay

Llhad ho

Ned ha

Eat

Wiss in

Mee tisso

In tzits

Zinhud hee

Sleep

Ni bān

Ni ba

Njuz ti ay

Dthin ghee

Go away

Eko kān

Awiss tay

E yow é tshay

E you issay

Come here

Undass is han

Ass-tum

Tee ad zay

E youk uz ay

Tell him

Win da ma o

Wi da ma o

Tee ay tin day

Hal in nee

Trade

Atāwaine

Ataway

Tee ay gho tsho

Na il nee

Whence do you come?

Andé wentchipai an

Tanté way to tay

Tee ay ghay dzin aghon dee ay

Ed luzeet gho adzee an adee

Where are you going?

Andé aish āe an

Tanté ay to tay an

Tee ay ghay de āza

Ed luzeet hee hee ya

Be quick

Wee weep é tan

Kee-ee pee

Dzag ghay

Ee-gha

I shoot

Ni bas giss é gay

Ni bas giss é gan

A jes tee o

A yous kay

Thou shootest

Ki bas giss é gay

Ki bas giss é gan

A tee tshe etsh

Ahil kay

He shoots

Bās giss e gay

Bas giss e gay-o

Agha tee et yetsh

Ahil guth

We shoot

Ni bas gisse gay min

Ni bas gisse gān an

Ateed yetsh

Ahel keeth

Ye shoot

Ki bas gisse game

Ki bas giss é gan ā wao

Atad yetsh

Er. ool keeth.

They shoot

Bās gisse gay wog

Bas giss é gay wog

Aza du ghad yetsh

Tay ar el keeth.

A Gun

Bās gisse gan

Bas giss é gan

Tié yaz o o

Tel git hay.

Powder

Makatay

Kas. ki tay o

Al aizay

Tel ge gonna.

Shot

She shep ass nin

Nisk ass in ee a

Noo tay ad-o o

Telt hay.

Give me

Meesh ish in

Mee an

Tes yay

Daz ee.

I give you

Ki mee nin

Ki mee ni tin

Nan uz lay

Na gha on in in nee.

Look

In ā bin

Etā bi

Ag gan eetha

Ghon el lee.

Wait

Pee ton

Pay ho

Ad oog-a.

Gad day.

Tobacco

Na say ma

Na stay mao

Aday ka yazé

Sel tooe.

Pipe

Poagan

Os poagan

Tsee ay

Dthay.

Net

Assup

A he apee

Too me

Dtka bill.

Fish

Kee kō

Kee no shay o

Tloo

Tloo-ay.

Flesh

Wee-ass

Wee ass

Ad zun

Berr.

River

See pé

See pé

Za ghay

Dāz.

Lake

Sa ka i gan

Sa ka i gan

Meet hay

Nad koo al ta.

Water

Nee pee

Nee pee

Too

Too.

Summer

Nee been

Nee been

Ad o lay

Seen nay.

Winter

Pay poon

Pay pun

Ealk hay ay

Ghā e yay.

Spring

See goan

Me as gamin

Do o

Tloo guth.

Autumn

Tag wā gin

Tag wā gin

Edoo aidlosin

Ghao ud azay.

 

Notes on Hudson Bay Territory

 


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