Tribes of Canada
Hydah Indians of Canada
Hudson Bay Territory
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Tsattine. Signifying "dwellers
among the beavers." Also called:
Beaver Indians, English term derived from their own name.
Connections. The Tsattine belonged to the same branch of the
Athapascan family as the Sekani and Sarcee.
Location. On the prairies south of Peace River and east of
the Rocky Mountains and on the upper part of Peace River.
History. The Tsattine and the Sekani were originally one
people, the separation having come about by the gradual penetration
of the Sekani westward into the mountains. The Sarcee evidently
branched off from the Beaver. The invasion of the Cree probably had
something to do with all this. Some of the Indians of this tribe
resorted to the Hudson's Bay Company's posts before there was a post
in their own country. Mackenzie (1801) says that they first secured
firearms in 1782. This was perhaps a result of the establishment of
a post on Athabaska River by Peter Pond for the Northwest Company in
1778. It was abandoned a few years later and never rebuilt but other
forts took its place, such as Athabaska Landing, Peace River
Landing, Fort St. John, Fort Dunvegan, and a post on Little Slave
Lake. Mackenzie spent the winter of 1792-93 with one band of Beaver
near Peace River Crossing before setting out for the Pacific.
Goddard (1916) states that they are now divided into three groups,
one trading at Fort St. John, a second living about Dunvegan, and a
third near Vermilion. There is also a large band at Hudson Hope.
The Indian Tribes of North of America, by
John Swanton, 1953