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Bellacoola. A name applied by the Kwakiutl;
significance unknown. Phonetic form of name Bī┤lxula.
Tallion Nation, from the name of a town, in early reports of the
Canadian Indian Office.
Connections. They are an isolated body of Indians belonging
to the Salishan linguistic family.
Location. On North Bentinck Arm, South Bentinck Arm, Dean
Channel and River, and Bella Coola River, B. C.
|At the present time there are but two bodies
of Bellacoola: The Kimsquit, on Dean Inlet; and the Bella
Coola, at the mouth of Bella Coola River. Older writers
speak of the Nuhalk, which was the name of Bella Coola
Valley; Taliomk, at the head of South Bentinck Arm,
abandoned about 20 years ago; and the Noothlakamish,
reported by Tolmie and Dawson (1884) on North Bentinck Arm.
(as given by McIlwraith)
|Aimats, north of Ahutskwakstl near the
Aketi, on the south side of Dean River about 1 mile from the
Anutlitlk, near the mouth of Dean River, still occupied.
Anutskwakstl, an eastern extension of Tlokotl.
Aseik, on a stream flowing a bay at the southwest end of
South Bentinck Arm.
Asenane, on the shore of a bay on the south side of Bella
Asktlta, at Salmon House on Upper Dean River.
Atlklaktl, near the south bank of Peisela River about ╝-mile
from the sea.
Ikwink, on Dean River 28 miles from the sea.
Kadis, on the east side of South Bentinck Arm, about ╝-mile
from Nuik River.
Kameik, on the west bank of Necleetsconnay about ż-mile from
|Kantkilsk, on the east side of South
Bentinck Arm "slightly north of the island opposite the hot
springs on the west
|side of the fiord."
|Koapk, on the east side of the
mouth of a creek entering the head of South Bentinck Arm
from the south.
Komkutis, the upper (eastern) continuation of Stskeitl.
Kwiliutl, on the north side of the Atnarko a few hundred
yards above the forks. Nuekmak, near some stagnant pools
|on the north side of BellaCoola River a
short distance above Sno÷nikwilk.
|Nuhwilst, on the shore of Dean
Channel six miles from Satsk.
Nuiku, on a raised mound on South Bentinck Arm south of the
mouth of Nuik River.
Nukaakmats, on the north shore of Bella Coola River about a
mile above Tsilkt.
Nukits, on the south side of Bella Coola River 11╝ miles
from the sea.
Nuskapts, on the south bank of Dean River about 25 miles
from the sea.
Nuskek, on the shore of North Bentinck east of the creek
that flows into it at Green Bay.
Nuskelst, on the north side of Bella Coola River opposite
the mountain of the same name.
Nutal, on the bank of Dean River at the bottom of the
Nutltleik, 200 yards from Bella Coola River on a creek
flowing in from the north and about 31 miles from the sea.
Nutskwatlt, on the south side of Dean River about 1╝-miles
from the sea.
Okmikimik, at the present village of Hagensburg 11 miles
from the sea.
Ososkpimk, on the north shore of Bella Coola River about
Ż-mile above Aimats.
Satsk, at the mouth of the Kimsquit River.
Senktl, on the south side of Bella Coola River opposite
Setlia, on the east side of South Bentinck Arm about ╝-mile
from its junction with North Bentinck.
Siwalos, on the north side of Dean River about 85 miles from
the sea, where the trail to the interior left the river
|Skomeltl, on the south side of
Bells Coola River about 3 miles from the sea.
Sno÷nikwilk, on a curving promontory on the south bank of
Bella Coola River about 4 miles from the sea.
Snutele, on the south bank of Bella Coola River above
Snutlelelatl, on the north side of the Atnarko about 10
miles from the forks.
Stskeitl, on the south bank of Bella Coola River about
╝-mile from the sea.
Stuik, on the point between the Atnarko and Whitewater
Rivers, which join to form the Bella Coola.
Talio, on the west side of the mouth of the river, last
location, which was frequently changed.
Tasaltlimk, on the shore of North Bentinck Arm west and
north of the mouth of the Necleetsconnay.
Tciktciktelpats, some distance from the north bank of the
Bella Coola River, the river course having changed.
Tlokotl, above Atlkaktl on Peisela River.
Tsaotltmem, on the east side of South Bentinck Arm about 4
miles from Kankilst.
Tsilkt, on the north shore of Bella Coola River above
Tsomootl, the upper continuation of Skomeltl.
Boas (1898) gives also the
following names, most of which are probably synonyms for some of the
above: Koatlna, Nusatsem, Osmakmiketlp, Peisela, Sakta, Selkuta,
Slaaktl, Sotstl, Tkeiktskune, Tskoakkane.
History. Alexander Mackenzie entered the country of the
Bellacoola after crossing the Rocky Mountains in 1793 at about the
same time that they began to have dealings with vessels of European
explorers and traders. The rest of their history has been the usual
one of modification in customs, missionization, supervision by
Indian Office officials, and at least temporary decline.
Population. Mooney (1928) estimates that there were 1,400
Bellacoola in 1780; in 1902 only 311 were returned.
Connection in which they have become noted. The Bellacoola
are noted particularly for their isolated position, a Salishan
island among Kwakiutl Indians, for their peculiar cosmologic system
recorded by Boas (1897), and as having given their name to Bella
The Indian Tribes of North of America, by
John Swanton, 1953